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Nasalization of vowels is indicated by the nasal sign over the vowels. The
palatalization of consonants is indicated by an apostrophe
sign after the consonantal letter: pí, bí , etc.
Abbreviations used are as follows: s. sg. (singular), p. pI. (plural), m.
(masculine), f. (feminine), hon. (honorific) non-hon. (non honorific), vl.
(voiceless), vd. (voiced), unasp (unaspirated), asp. (aspirated), i.
(intransitive), t. (transitive), B (bilabial), D
(Dental), R (Retroflex), P (Palatal), V (Velar), G (glottal).