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Omkar N. Koul
- Transcription
- Introduction
- References
- Lesson 1
Lesson 2
- Lesson 3
- Lesson 4
- Lesson 5
- Lesson 6
- Lesson 7
- Lesson 8
- Lesson 9
- Lesson 10
- Lesson 11
- Lesson 12
- Lesson 13
- Lesson 14
- Lesson 15
- Lesson 16
- Lesson 17
- Lesson 18
- Lesson 19
- Lesson 20
- Appendix
- PDF format
   
Spoken Kashmiri: A Language Course

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TRANSCRIPTION

Transcription

Nasalization of vowels is indicated by the nasal sign over the vowels. The palatalization of consonants is indicated by an apostrophe sign after the consonantal letter: pí, bí , etc.

Abbreviations

Abbreviations used are as follows: s. sg. (singular), p. pI. (plural), m. (masculine), f. (feminine), hon. (honorific) non-hon. (non honorific), vl. (voiceless), vd. (voiced), unasp (unaspirated), asp. (aspirated), i. (intransitive), t. (transitive), B (bilabial), D (Dental), R (Retroflex), P (Palatal), V (Velar), G (glottal).

 

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